A focus on prostate cancer

What is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer is the uncontrollable multiplication and division of abnormal cells within the prostate gland. It is possible for these abnormal cells to spread to nearby body parts, or, throughout the rest of the body.

What is the prostate gland?

Approximately the size of a walnut, this small gland is part of the male reproductive system and requires testosterone to grow and develop. It is normal for the gland to increase in size as men age and this may cause difficulty with urination. This is a problem common in older men and not always a symptom of cancer.

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

In the early stages, there may not be any noticeable symptoms. However, in later stages, symptoms of prostate cancer may include:

  • Feeling the frequent or sudden urge to urinate
  • Difficulty urinating (e.g. poor flow, trouble starting)
  • Discomfort during urination
  • Blood in urine
  • Pain in lower back, hips, or thighs

What are the risk factors?

Several risk factors may increase the chance of developing prostate cancer, and these include:

  • Genetics: Genes control the way the cells of the body behave. All individuals inherit genes from both parents, and some changes to the genetic blueprint may increase the risk of prostate cancer being passed down from parent to child.
  • Diet: Some evidence suggested a diet high in processed meat and unhealthy fats may increase the risk of developing prostate cancer.
  • Lifestyle: There is evidence to suggest that environment and lifestyle can affect the risk of developing prostate cancer, for example, living a sedentary lifestyle and not partaking in enough physical activity.

Early detection is key!

The difference between early detection and late detection can be life and death. According to the Movember Foundation, when detected early, prostate cancer survival rates are better than 98%. Find it late, and those survival rates drop below 26%.  Check out the infographic below to find out what you need to help detect prostate cancer.

What’s a PSA test?

It’s a simple routine blood test. It’s used to determine the measurement of Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) concentration in the blood, it is the primary method of testing for prostate cancer. Talk to your GP or make an appointment with one of our GPs to discuss whether testing is right for you.

How can you reduce your risk?

Foods that are good for the heart are good for the prostate. Eat a nutrient dense diet, rich in whole foods, healthy fats, lean proteins, and plenty of fresh vegetables and fruits. Get active! There is evidence to suggest that a daily 30 minutes of physical activity can help to reduce your risk of developing prostate cancer.

What foods are good for the prostate?

  • Brazil nuts
  • Broccoli
  • Cayenne pepper
  • Green tea
  • Mushrooms
  • Pomegranates
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Wild caught salmon
  • Tomatoes
  • Walnuts

Why not throw together a quick salad and top with some pumpkin seeds, freshly chopped cherry tomatoes, Brazil nuts, and sprinkle on ¼ cup pomegranate seeds; toss in a lime juice, honey, and tahini dressing with a pinch of cayenne.

Another great idea is to throw together a quick stir-fry, toss up some broccoli and mushrooms in coconut oil, add a pinch of salt and serve alongside some freshly grilled salmon.

A quick grab and go breakfast idea is some natural yoghurt topped with Brazil nuts, pumpkin seeds, walnuts, a sprinkle of pomegranate seeds, and a dash of raw honey.

Try cooking a quick morning omelette for breakfast, with some sliced mushrooms, fresh parsley, sliced cherry tomatoes, and sprinkled with some freshly grated cheese (e.g. ricotta, goat or sheep feta).

Visit our recipe page HERE for lots more healthy ideas that might tempt your taste buds, as well as support the health of your prostate!

 

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